Wengen Workshop on Global Change Research: 2007 Edition

Climate Change and Desertification: Monitoring, Modelling and Forecasting               (Hotel Regina, Wengen, September 10-13, 2007)  

NEW:Click on the link below to access the Workshop Report 

W07R (294 Kb, pdf)

 

This workshop is co-organized by the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission and the University of Geneva.

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This workshop is co-sponsored by the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), itself co-sponsored by the International Council for Science (ICSU), the Intergovernmental Commission for Oceanography of UNESCO (IOC) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and by the GEO Secretariat.

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Climate Change and Desertification: Monitoring, Modelling and Forecasting               (Hotel Regina, Wengen, September 10-13, 2007)  
NEW:Click on the link below to access the Workshop Report 
Scope
Scientific Steering Committee
Scientific programme
Workshop Outcomes
Workshop flyer
Wengen workshops: background information

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Scope

Thirty years after the UN Conference on Desertification (UNCOD), which took place in Nairobi in September 1977, and some ten years after the ratification of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in December 1996, it was thought appropriate to step back and review (1) where the scientific community stood and what had been learned about desertification processes over the previous three decades, (2) the current state of the art in this and related fields (monitoring, modelling, integration of natural and social sciences, historical background, etc), and (3) where the affected communities were heading, given the high likelihood of significant climate changes in the coming decades.

An international workshop took place in Wengen, Switzerland, from 10 to 13 September 2007 to review the scientific issues involved, attempt a synthesis of the current state of the art in this field, and propose recommendations on priorities for further Research and Development (R&D) activities, as well as for a renewed and revived interaction between the scientific community and the wide range of policy makers, project managers and other actors concerned by these issues.

Particular attention was given to the interaction between climatic, environmental and human factors. The workshop focused on the scientific aspects of these issues, i.e., on the understanding of the processes at work, on the tools and techniques required to improve our knowledge, and on the best ways to communicate research findings to policy makers and other actors. This workshop was specifically organized for participants from academia and similar research organizations with an interest in developing and promoting state of the art scientific research activities in support of sustainable development policies in areas subject to desertification.

Desertification topics that were covered include, inter alia:

  • Monitoring: direct and indirect observables, in situ and space-based approaches, with particular attention to quantitative approaches and to assessing their accuracy and reliability
  • Modelling: key processes, essential variables, tools and techniques to integrate formal knowledge and measurements
  • Thematic issues: overgrazing, soil erosion by wind and water, drought and climate change, salinisation, relations with deforestation and loss of biodiversity, social and economic factors, integration of issues into a holistic view
  • Historical perspective and future projections: lessons from paleo-climatic reconstructions, forecasting desertification risks in the context of expected climate changes

Scientific Steering Committee

  • Mohamed Badraoui, Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte contre la Désertification, Rabat, Maroc
  • Martin Beniston, University of Geneva, Switzerland
  • Andreas Brink, EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
  • Filippo Giorgi, ICTP, Trieste, Italy
  • Joachim Hill, University of Trier, Trier, Germany
  • Malcolm Hughes, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
  • Luca Montanarella, EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
  • Osvaldo E. Sala, Brown University, Providence (RI), USA
  • Robert (Bob) Scholes, CSIR, Pretoria, South Africa
  • Mary Seely, Desert Research Foundation of Namibia (DRFN), Windhoek, Namibia
  • David S. G. Thomas, Oxford University, Oxford, UK
  • Michel M. Verstraete, EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy

Scientific programme

Sunday 9 September        
15:00-18:00 Registration      
Monday 10 September        
08:00-09:00 Registration      
09:00-09:30 Introduction and welcome  Michel Verstraete and Martin Beniston  
         
 Session 1: Desertification: The policy context   Chair:
Michel Verstraete
Rapporteur:
Stefan Sommer
09:30-09:45Climate and Desertification: Partnering in Research  Ann Henderson-SellersWorld Climate Research Programme
09:45-10:00Environment - Development Imperatives for Climate Change and Desertification    Gemma Shepherd UNEP
10:00-10:15 Opening address   Alexia Massacand GEO Secretariat
10:15-10:30GMES: Towards a European Earth Observation Capacity providing Information Services    Virginia Puzzolo GMES Bureau
         
10:30-11:00 Coffee break      
         
 Session 2: Desertification: The World's most desperate environmental problem?  Chair:
Osvaldo Sala
Rapporteur:
Eric Lambin
11:00-11:30Carbon, climate and land degradation in Southern Africa   Bob Scholes CSIR
11:30-12:00 "Dryland Development Paradigm" - seeking necessary but sufficient complexity in desertification analyses   Mark Stafford-Smith CSIRO
12:00-12:30 Session discussion      
         
12:30-14:00 Lunch      
         
 Session 3: Desertification: Complex interactions between people, climate and the land  Chair:
Mary Seely
Rapporteur: Alexia Massacand
14:00-14:30Coupled Human-Environment System Approaches to Desertification  Eric Lambin UCL
14:30-15:00Regeneration or degeneration: Rangeland condition in postsocialist Central Asia  Roy BehnkeOdessa Centre
         
15:00-16:00 Coffee break and poster session      
         
16:00-16:30 Spatial and temporal controls of carbon cycling in arid ecosystems  Osvaldo Sala Brown University
16:30-17:00 Desertification in China: Problems with Policies and Perceptions  Hong Jiang University of Hawaii
17:00-17:30 Using an integrated assessment framework with respect to climate change: an example of wheat potential in Africa under CC Scenarios  Steffen Fritz IIASA
17:30-18:00 Session discussion      
         
Tuesday 11 September        
 Session 4: Climate drivers of change in dry lands  Chair:
Ann Henderson-Sellers
Rapporteur:
Nadine Gobron
09:00-09:30Interannual to multicentury variability in arid region hydroclimates  Malcolm HughesUniversity of Arizona
09:30-10:00Regional climate models and applications to desertification  Martin BenistonUniversity of Geneva
         
10:00-11:00 Coffee break and poster session      
         
11:00-11:30Can we use ENSO climatic events to combat desertification ?   Milena HolmgrenWageningen University
 11:30-12:00 The impact of climate change on desertification   Anton Imeson University of Amsterdam
     
12:00-13:30 Lunch      
         
13:30-14:00Climate change in the African Sahel  Alessandra GianniniIRI
14:00-14:30Managing Climate Variability and its Impacts on Key Climate-Sensitive Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa: the Experience from IRI  Pietro CeccatoIRI
14:30-15:00Session discussion      
         
15:00-16:00 Coffee break and poster session      
         
 Session 5: Population drivers of change in dry lands  Chair:
Mark Stafford-Smith
Rapporteur:
Andreas Brink
16:00-16:30Advances in desertification and climate change research: Are they accessible for application?  Mary SeelyDRFN
16:30-17:00LU-CDM, A Conceptual Model of Desertification  Ulf HelldenLund University
17:00-17:30TBD  Ibrahim Ali IsmailFAO/SWALIM
17:30-18:00Session discussion      
         
Wednesday 12 September        
 Session 6: Monitoring changes in dry lands Chair:
Alessandra Giannini
Rapporteur:
Virginia Puzzolo
09:00-09:30Imaging Desertification Syndromes from Space – Regional Assessment and Monitoring Strategies for a Global Problem  Joachim HillUniversity of Trier
09:30-10:00Potential of long times series of FAPAR products for assessing and monitoring land surfaces changes  Nadine GobronJRC/IES
         
10:00-11:00Coffee break and poster session      
         
11:00-11:30Estimation of Surface Albedo Increase During the Eighties Sahel Drought from Meteosat Observations  Yves Govaerts EUMETSAT
11:30-12:00Temporal vs. spatial trend analysis in monitoring rangeland degradation. A matter of perspective?  Achim RoederUniversity of Trier
12:00-12:30Session discussion      
         
12:30-14:00Lunch      
         
14:00-19:00 Excursion to the Jungfraujoch      
         
Thursday 13 September        
 Session 7: Scenarios, mitigation, adapation and best practices Chair:
Anton Imeson

Rapporteur:
Joachim Hill

09:00-09:30Environmental changes and local adaptation strategies in Eastern Saloum (Senegal)   Cheikh MbowEcole Supérieure Polytechnique
09:30-10:00Estimating the Effects of Overgrazing on Land Use Change for the Jordan River Region  Jennifer Koch and Rudy SchaldachCESR
         
10:00-11:00Coffee break and poster session      
         
11:00-11:30Combating desertification, from monitoring to decision making, what are the odds? An implication from arid south  Mohamed S. Abdel RazikUniversity of Alexandria
11:30-12:00Vulnerability approach to Desertification and Climate change in Africa  Dorothy AmwataOSS
12:00-12:30Session discussion      
         
12:30-14:00Lunch      
         
 Session 8: Workshop conclusions Chair:
Bob Scholes
Rapporteur:
Mary Seely
14:00-16:00Synthesis, recommendations, outcome (publications)      

Workshop Outcomes

- A formal report summarizing the rationale for the workshop, outlining the key points of the presentations, and recording the conclusions and recommendations of the meeting was generated and distributed in December 2007. A copy of this report is available below:

W07R (294 Kb, pdf)


- A collection of 15 papers were subsequently prepared on the basis of some of the contributions to this workshop. These were peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in a special issue of the Global and Planetary Change journal. This special issue, published in December 2008, is accessible electronically from Elsevier's GPC web site

Contact

For scientific questions, please contact the Organizing Committee by sending an email to:

Workshop flyer

Flyer v.7 (171 Kb, pdf)

Wengen workshops: background information

For background information on past events, see: Wengen workshop series

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