Semaine des droits humains

The role of human rights mechanisms in implementing international humanitarian law (Geneva Conventions)

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Le rôle des mécanismes des droits humains dans la mise en œuvre du droit international humanitaire

Hormis le CICR, le droit international humanitaire (DIH) ne contient aucun mécanisme conventionnel qui fonctionnerait dans la pratique permettant d’en assurer sa mise en œuvre. Les mécanismes des droits humains peuvent-ils être mis à contribution, sans diluer les droits humains, ni affaiblir la crédibilité du DIH ? Question particulièrement pertinente à l’occasion du 70ème anniversaire des Conventions de Genève.

Thursday 14 and Friday 15 November
Uni Mail, room 6050
40 boulevard du Pont-d’Arve



9-9.30am: Welcome and introduction

Nicolas Levrat, Director of the Global Studies Institute (GSI), University of Geneva

Micheline Calmy-Rey, Visiting professor, University of Geneva, former President of Switzerland

Nathalie Marti, Deputy director of the Directorate of International Law, Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs


9.30-10.30am: Presentation of the Geneva Academy report on the role of human rights mechanisms in implementing humanitarian law

Émilie Max, Geneva Academy

Cordula Droege, Head of the legal division, ICRC


10.45am–12.30pm: IHL jurisdiction of human rights mechanisms

Chair: Nicolas Levrat, University of Geneva

A roadmap for interplay and human rights mechanisms’ engagement with international humanitarian law
Floris Tan, Leiden University

The missing elephant in the room – 
state consent to the IHL jurisdiction of human rights mechanisms
Ka Lok Yip, University of Hong Kong

Mona Rishmawi, Chief of rule of law, equality and non-discrimination branch, OHCHR

Marco Sassòli, Geneva Academy

Françoise Hampson, University of Essex


1.45–2.45pm: Universal Periodic Review

Chair: Walter Kälin, University of Bern

Potentials and drawbacks of the UPR as a mechanism to implement IHL: future perspectives and possible improvements
Claudia Candelmo, LUISS University, Rome

The UPR as a tool to ensure greater compliance with international human rights norms and IHL
Gianni Magazzeni, UPR Branch, OHCHR


2.45–4.15pm: Universal treaty bodies

Chair: Gloria Gaggioli, University of Geneva

Implementing IHL through ICCPR
Kishor Dere, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Interpreting the obligation to respect and ensure respect for IHL under article 38 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: the practice of the Committee on the Rights of the Child
Sofia Poulopoulou, Leiden University

Extra-territorial derogations during international military operations – solving the ‘life of the nation’ conundrum
Cornelius Wiesener, University of Copenhagen

Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov, Committee against torture




9–10.15am: Regional mechanisms

Chair: Frédéric Bernard, University of Geneva

The implementation of international humanitarian law by the inter-American human rights system
Rafael Lima Asche, University of Giessen

Reconciling the irreconcilable? The interaction between the ECHR and IHL
Helen Keller, European Court of Human Rights

Exploring the role of African human rights mechanisms in implementing international humanitarian law
Djacoba Tehindrazanarivelo, University of Geneva


10.15–11.30am: Missing persons, right to life in armed conflicts

Chair: Olivier de Frouville, University Paris II Panthéon Assas, UN Committee on enforced disappearance

Missing persons in the jurisprudence of international human rights mechanisms
Grażyna Baranowska, Polish Academy of Sciences

Missing persons in armed conflicts: perspectives from the UN working group on enforced or involuntary disappearances
Bernard Duhaime, Université du Québec à Montréal, Member of the working group on enforced or involuntary disappearances

The right to life as a backdoor entry for international humanitarian law
Gloria Gaggioli, University of Geneva


11.45am–12.45pm: Fact finding (part 1)

Chair: Thilo Marauhn, Chair of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission

Human rights fact-finding and aerial warfare – the lessons learned
Mateusz Piątkowski, University of Lodz

Implementation of international humanitarian law: the role of the independent international commission of inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic
Farnaz Dezfouli Asl, Geneva Academy

Understanding and misunderstanding the principle of precaution in attack by Human Rights Council fact-finding missions
Marco Longobardo, University of Westminster


2–2.45pm: Fact finding (part 2)

Chair: Thilo Marauhn, Chair of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission

Accountability for atrocity crimes in conflict and post-conflict countries: the role of commissions of inquiry
Adama Dieng, UN Special Adviser on the prevention of genocide, and Charles Majinge, Legal Advisor for the commission of inquiry in South Sudan

Investigating violations of IHL: law, policy and good practices
Jelena Pejic, ICRC


2.45–4pm: Armed groups

Chair: Marco Sassòli, Geneva Academy

Reinforcing international humanitarian law through the use of the human rights mechanisms: the role of the CAT
Fatma Raâch, Tunisian Association for International Law

Challenging the myth that human rights bodies cannot address non-state actors in armed conflict
Andrew Clapham, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva

The potential and the challenges relating to the use of UN Special Procedure Mandates to improve compliance of non-state belligerents with IHL in situations of armed conflict: the examples of the self-declared Republics of Donetsk and Luhansk in Ukraine
Nils Melzer, Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

16 oct. 2019

Semaine des droits humains 2019