23.03.2017 - Conférence de Natasza KOSAKOWSKA-BEREZECKA : Culture, manhood and gender equality at home
Dans le cadre du séminaire de maîtrise de l'Orientation psychologie sociale, conférence de
University of Gdansk, Pologne
Culture, manhood and gender equality at home.
Why men restrain from household duties in some countries and in some countries they don't ?
Jeudi 23 mars 2017 - 10h15 - Uni Dufour - Salle 159
In countries with higher levels of gender equality men and women are more often observed to perform similar roles in the society and it is more common for men to be occupied with domestic work than in countries with lower gender equality. Nevertheless scientific findings invariably reveal that regardless of gender equality levels of the country, women are more responsible for housework and child care than men. Over the last decade, a variety of new approaches to understanding differences within gender roles have been developped and in my talk, I will integrate the biosocial construction model of sex differences in behaviour, backlash theory and precarious manhood theory to analyse unequal distribution of household activities and child care between women and men in countries differing in gender-equality levels.
My focus will be mainly on men, as agency and anti-feminity are two widely prescribed qualities of men, leading them to avoid domestic roles. Research has documented backlash against men who engage in domestic roles, but little attention has been given to the cultural and contextual cues influencing the appreciation of communal men. I will present an analysis of the perception of communal men across countries that differ with regard to gender-equality indexes (Study 1: Canada, India, Norway, and Poland; Study 2: Poland and Norway). I will propose certain cultural cues allowing for the development of social patterns that encourage couples to implement a partnership model of family and common decision making with the regard to maternal, paternal and parental leaves. These proposals follow results from studies carried among migrant Polish couples in Norway which is a more gender equalitarian country compared to Poland (Studies 3 and 4). I will compare men's and women's willingness to share housework in Poland and in Norway (Study 5) and lastly I will illustrate the role of agentic self-stereotyping in restoration of manhood, regulating men's willingness to be involved in parental roles, household duties and their perception of gender relations with a final study (Study 6).
20 février 2017