Autism in a Global Context
IN OUR LABORATORY, WE ARE COMMITTED TO THE STUDY OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT.
WE ARE ALSO COMMITTED TO STUDYING AND PROMOTING PRACTICES THAT CAN IMPROVE THE LIVES OF INDIVIDUALS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL CONDITIONS IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT.Dr. Paulina Buffle, SMAS
MOST RESEARCH IN AUTISM AND OTHER DEVELOPMENTAL CONDITIONS IS CONDUCTED IN HIGH-INCOME COUNTRIES.
HOWEVER, THE VAST MAJORITY OF CHILDREN LIVE IN LOW-AND-MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES
Since 2015, we have been working in Ecuador to identify the needs of families and children with Autism. We have cooperated with local professionals to better understand their needs related to diagnosis and intervention practices.
Since 2017, we have worked to identify potential barriers to Early Diagnosis in Pediatric Settings and provided training to pediatricians to respond to those challenges.
Since 2018, we have been working to disseminate knowledge on evidence-based intervention programs, such as the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) and the Paediatric Autism Communication Therapy (PACT).
In 2021, we published a literature review on ASD Early identification and Diagnosis evidence-based recommendation in cooperation with pediatricians from Universidad Católica de Quito. This review has been published in Spanish and can be accessible and free of cost by Ecuadorian and Latinamerican professionals.
Current Projects in Ecuador
Buffle, P., Gentaz, E., & Vivanti, G. (2022). Perception, beliefs and causal attribution of autism early signs in Ecuadorian general population. Frontiers in Psychology, 3715. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.915817
Buffle, P., Naranjo, A., Gentaz, E., & Vivanti, G. (2022). Experiences and Attitudes on Early Identification Practices of Autism: A Preliminary Survey of Pediatric Professionals in Ecuador. Children, 9(2), 123.
Buffle, P., Cavadini, T., Posada, A., & Gentaz, E. (2021). A study on visual preference for social stimuli in typical Ecuadorian preschoolers as a contribution to the identification of autism risk factors. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87888-3
Buffle, P., & Naranjo, D. (2021). Identificación y diagnóstico tempranos del trastorno del espectro autista: una revisión de la literatura sobre recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia. Revista Ecuatoriana de Pediatría, 22(3), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.52011/113
Buffle, P. (2020). Autism in Ecuador, in Volkmar F. Ed., The Encyclopaedia of Autism, NY, Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6435-8_102532-1
Lejeune, F. & Gentaz, E. (2017). El niño prematuro, desarrollo cognitivo y emocional. Translated by Paulina Buffle, Asociación Ecuatoriana de Pediatría.
Oral communications and posters
Buffle, P. & Gentaz, E., (2019). Perception of autism screening tools in paediatric contexts: An exploratory study in an Ecuadorian sample. International Society for Autism Research (INSAR) Regional Meeting, Puerto Varas, Chile.
Buffle, P., Granero, G., & Gentaz, E. (2018). Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms’ Perception: The Case of Andean-Ecuadorian Population. International Society for Autism Research, Rotterdam.
We are grateful for the cooperation and contribution from
The Ecuadorian Society of Pediatrics, Dr. Alfredo Naranjo (School of Pediatrics form Universidad Católica de Quito), The Parents Association (APADA Ecuador), Lic. Cristina Armijos (RedPanda, Ecuador), Prof. Rosa Hoekra (Kings College London), Prof. Giacomo Vivanti (Drexel Autism Institute), Dr. Georgina Perez Liz (Derexel Autism Institute).
We are grateful to the preschool institutions and the professionals in the fields of paediatrics and education who contributed to those projects.
We are particularly grateful to the children, parents and grandparents who accepted to participate.
With the financial support of Fondation Ernst et Lucie Shcmidheini and Fondation Ernst Boninchi.