Detecting Large Quantum Fisher Information with Finite Measurement Precision

Authors:Florian Fröwis, Pavel Sekatski, Wolfgang Dür
Journal:Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 090801 (2016)
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.090801
Abstract:We propose an experimentally accessible scheme to determine the lower bounds on the quantum Fisher information (QFI), which ascertains multipartite entanglement or usefulness for quantum metrology. The scheme is based on comparing the measurement statistics of a state before and after a small unitary rotation. We argue that, in general, the limited resolution of collective observables prevents the detection of large QFI. This can be overcome by performing an additional operation prior to the measurement. We illustrate the power of this protocol for present-day spin-squeezing experiments, where the same operation used for the preparation of the initial spin-squeezed state improves also the measurement precision and hence the lower bound on the QFI by 2 orders of magnitude. We also establish a connection to the Leggett-Garg inequalities. We show how to simulate a variant of the inequalities with our protocol and demonstrate that large QFI is necessary for their violation with coarse-grained detectors.
File:frowis2016a.pdf

BibTeX Source

@article{Frowis2016,
  title = {Detecting Large Quantum Fisher Information with Finite Measurement Precision},
  author = {Fr\"owis, Florian and Sekatski, Pavel and D\"ur, Wolfgang},
  journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.},
  volume = {116},
  issue = {9},
  pages = {090801},
  numpages = {5},
  year = {2016},
  month = {Mar},
  publisher = {American Physical Society},
  doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.090801},
  url = {http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.090801},
abstract={We propose an experimentally accessible scheme to determine the lower bounds on the quantum Fisher information (QFI), which ascertains multipartite entanglement or usefulness for quantum metrology. The scheme is based on comparing the measurement statistics of a state before and after a small unitary rotation. We argue that, in general, the limited resolution of collective observables prevents the detection of large QFI. This can be overcome by performing an additional operation prior to the measurement. We illustrate the power of this protocol for present-day spin-squeezing experiments, where the same operation used for the preparation of the initial spin-squeezed state improves also the measurement precision and hence the lower bound on the QFI by 2 orders of magnitude. We also establish a connection to the Leggett-Garg inequalities. We show how to simulate a variant of the inequalities with our protocol and demonstrate that large QFI is necessary for their violation with coarse-grained detectors.}
}