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New study finds innovation projects can reinvent the UN

Research suggests innovative projects can drive institutional change and foster a culture of entrepreneurship in large, complex organizations like the United Nations

Innovative projects spearheaded by United Nations (UN) country offices are remodeling the institution and expanding its role, according to a new study. Digital initiatives were shown to have the strongest impact, changing ways of working, embedding new skills, and restructuring teams across the UN. The research conducted by Prof. Tina Ambos and Katherine Tatarinov at the Geneva School of Economics and Management (GSEM) finds that novel solutions strategically scaled by the head office have the greatest impact.

The paper, which will be published in the prestigious Journal of Management Studies, finds that centrally scaled-up innovations can lead to ‘mission stretch’ – the expansion of an organization’s purpose. In one case study, a refugee cash transfer initiative using blockchain widened the responsible UN body’s role from ‘ending poverty and hunger’ to that more closely resembling a fintech company or development bank. By providing a platform for aid delivery, the organization is now helping its partners bypass unstable third parties and save on transaction costs.

“The use of blockchain could spread across the entire UN system, changing their ways of working and increasing transparency,” says the paper’s author Tina Ambos, GSEM Professor of International Management and Director of the i2i Hub for Innovation and Cross-Sector Partnerships. “Our findings show that the seed from one good idea can grow throughout a complex organization like the UN, changing it from the inside, and creating new space for enterprising ideas to flourish.”

Sensitive data on vulnerable groups held by the UN often means that digital innovation cannot be outsourced. This results in the organization upgrading its institutional knowledge and creating new teams to manage digital projects, which were found to have the biggest impact on how the UN operates overall. Other technical skills have also been internalized, such as hydroponic farming. After learning in one context, the UN was able to test different technologies in its sites of operation according to local needs without depending on external experts.

Innovations often start life in UN country offices, where staff need to respond quickly to unfolding crises. To circumvent slow central procedures, in-country innovators may decide not to involve the headquarters. Good ideas then spread from country to country, such as an anonymous SMS polling tool designed to gauge opinions on taboo topics in remote communities. The idea grew organically, as other country offices could see the value of access to data on taboo topics. Such country-level innovations can achieve scale and have been shown to change the organization’s culture when digital technology is involved.

Innovation champions at the country level are willing to employ workarounds to avoid head office bureaucracy because they are motivated to solve an urgent problem – rather than by internal rewards or recognition. They are therefore able to access funds and forge partnerships that may have been disregarded by the large, centralized machinery of the UN, but which nevertheless align with broader organizational values.

“Strict hierarchies, risk-averse donors, and lengthy sign-off processes can stifle ideas, yet international organizations need to innovate to stay relevant,” says report author and Ph.D. Student Katherine Tatarinov. “Greater public scrutiny, funding challenges, and the push towards digital means that bodies like the UN need to reinvent themselves – their culture, identity, and management styles. By becoming more responsive and fostering innovative ideas, they can better achieve their missions and our shared global goals.”

Innovation units were found to be key in helping the UN scale initiatives by driving forward dynamic solutions. Such units nurture initiatives through boot camps, cross-sectoral connections, helping teams overcome internal barriers, and broadcasting new learnings to the entire organization. The UN also involves local people to ensure sustainability and maximize social impact. End-users, such as refugees, are often active members of development teams, helping ensure that projects ‘do no harm.’

> Link to the article on "Building Responsible Innovation in International Organizations through Intrapreneurship"
> Link to the press release issued by the University of Geneva.

June 9, 2021
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