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La recherche sur le leadership au-delà du paradigme du questionnaire

An article co-authored by GSEM Professor Thomas Fischer, Donald C. Hambrick, Gwendolin B. Sajons, and Niels Van Quaquebeke was published in The Leadership Quarterly. The authors emphasize the overuse and misuse of questionnaires in leadership research, leading to conceptual confusion and measurement error. The article advocates for a behavioral revolution, urging researchers to focus on objective behaviors and employ alternative methods such as experiments, physiological measures, and machine learning. It provides practical recommendations for studying leadership behaviors and previews the diverse papers in the special issue, aiming to inspire a shift toward more rigorous and relevant behavioral science in leadership studies.



Our field has lost its way. Leadership is what people do in order to influence others so that the others can and will contribute to the objectives of the collective. And yet, when looking at recent leadership research, the “what people do” – the behavioral elements as shown in true actions and choices – are almost completely absent. They have been replaced by evaluative surveys that tend to have tenuous links to reality and correspondingly limited policy implications. If our discipline is to advance as a science and achieve impact, we need to move beyond the ritualized use of questionnaires and become true behavioral scientists, with behaviors as the fundamental units of our understanding. Against this background, in this editorial we discuss the theoretical, operational, and empirical limitations of questionnaires for studying leadership. We then highlight examples of how researchers can better measure leadership as behaviors, as well as antecedents and consequences of those behaviors. We synthesize the discussion and offer concrete recommendations to help our discipline become what it is supposed to be: A science that people look to in order to find actionable guidance for improving their leadership.

Accédez à l'étude : Leadership science beyond questionnaires (en anglais)

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15 mars 2024
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