Environmental Health and Health Promotion

Snapp: First medical decision‐support tool for snake identification based on artificial intelligence and remote collaborative expertise


Description of the Project

Snakebite is the second most deadly neglected tropical disease being responsible for a dramatic humanitarian crisis in global health. Snakebite causes over 100,000 human deaths and 400,000 victims of disability and disfigurement globally every year affecting poor and rural communities in developing countries, which host the highest venomous snake diversity and the highest burden of snakebite due to limited medical expertise and access to antivenoms (more information here). Antivenoms can be life-saving when correctly administered but, since many are species-specific, this depends first on the correct identification of the biting snake. Snake identification is challenging due to snake diversity and incomplete or misleading information provided by snakebite victims or bystanders to clinicians, who generally lack the knowledge or resources in herpetology. To reduce potentially erroneous and/or delayed healthcare actions, and taking advantage of the expansion of mobile technologies in developing and emerging countries, we propose Snapp, the first medical decision-support mobile app for snake identification based on artificial intelligence and remote collaborative expertise in herpetology. Our app will combine computer vision with the expertise from a network of herpetologists to identify photos of snakes, particularly supporting victims and clinicians when urgent and reliable snake identification is needed (Snapp System Diagram).

This innovative approach is timely and responds to the urgent need for cutting-edge research and scientific leadership following the acceptance of snakebite in the WHO-NTDs list in June 2017 and the current political momentum.

Detailed list of partners:

Dr. Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda, Institute of Global Health, UNIGE
Dr. Isabelle Bolon, Institute of Global Health, UNIGE
Dr. Andrew Durso, Institute of Global Health, UNIGE
Prof. François Chappuis, Division of humanitarian and tropical medicine, HUG/UNIGE
Dr. Gabriel Alcoba, MSF and Division of humanitarian and tropical medicine, HUG/UNIGE
Dr. Nicolas Ray, Institute of environmental sciences & Institute of Global Health, UNIGE
Prof. Marcel Salathe, Digital Epidemiology Lab, EPFL
Sharada Prasanna Mohanty, Digital Epidemiology Lab, EPFL
Camille Montalcini, Digital Epidemiology Lab, EPFL
Prof. François Grey, Citizen Cyberlab, UNIGE
Dr. Jose Luis Fernandez, Citizen Cyberlab, UNIGE
Rosy Mondardini, Citizen Science Center Zurich, ETH / UNIZH
Prof. David Williams, Global Snakebite Initiative, University of Melbourne
Dr. Abiy Tamrat, Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva
Hanne Epstein, Médecins Sans Frontières, Copenhagen
Donald Becker, Christopher Smith, Michael Pingleton, HerpMapper
M. Jose Louies, IUCN Viper Specialist Group, indiansnakes.org & snakebiteinitiative.in
Dr. Brian Lohse, AntiVenom Venture & University of Copenhagen
Dr. Ulrich Kuch, University of Frankfurt, Germany

This project is supported by a seed funding grant from the "Fondation privée des HUG" and is endorsed by MSF

Our primary objective is to build a massive and global photo repository of venomous and non-venomous snakes

Thousands of snake photos are needed to develop and train the machine learning algorithm that will be capable of identifying snakes taxonomically. 

We need your help!

You want to contribute to this humanitarian and scientific project and you own or have access to photos of snakes (venomous, non venomous, identified or not), please contact us!

Isabelle Bolon
Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda