Data citation

You need to cite data? This tool helps you to format your citation: http://citation.crosscite.org/

The UNIGE Library frequently organizes Zotero or EndNote workshops to help you manage and cite your references.

Why Data citation?

Data citation means providing a reference to data in the same way as it is done to outputs such as journal articles, reports and conference papers.

Citing data is important because:

  • cited datasets will achieve greater validity and significance within the scholarly communications cycle,
  • it supports collaboration and reuse of data,
  • it fosters faster and more efficient research progress,
  • citation of data enables recognition of scholarly effort with the potential for reward based on data outputs,
  • the use of data should be appropriately attributed in scholarly outputs as with other types of publication.

Structure

A dataset citation includes all of the same components as any other citation:

  • author (Who is the creator of the data set?  This can be an individual, a group of individuals, or an organization.),
  • title (What name is the data set called, or what is the name of the study?) ,
  • year of publication (What year was the data set published?  When was the data set posted online?),
  • publisher (What entity is responsible for producing and/or distributing the data set?  Also, is there a physical location associated with the publisher?),
  • edition or version (Is there a version or edition number associated with the data set?), and
  • access information (a URL or other persistent identifier).

Examples

Basic Structure

Creator (PublicationYear)/Rightsholder. Title of dataset [description of form]. Publisher. Identifier

Milberger, S. (2002). Evaluation of violence against women with physical disabilities in Michigan, 2000-2001 (ICPSR version) [data file and codebook]. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03414

Developped structure

Creator (PublicationYear)/Rightsholder. Title of dataset. Version. Publisher. ResourceType.Identifier

Milberger, S. (2002). Evaluation of violence against women with physical disabilities in Michigan, 2000-2001 (ICPSR version) [data file and codebook]. Detroit: Wayne State University [producer]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor]. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03414

Tables, charts, graphs, maps, or figures appearing in a publication

Name of dataset producer. Name of dataset. Name of study. Date. Access Information.

United States Bureau of the Census. "Table 151. Retail Prescription Drug Sales: 1995 to 2007." Statistical Abstract of the United States.Year: 2009. http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/tables/09s0151.pdf. Accessed: 11/4/09.

Unpublished raw data from study, untitled work

Author, F. N. (Year). [Description of study topic]. Unpublished raw data.

Smith, J.A. (2006). [Personnel survey]. Unpublished raw data.

 Further readings and learning