- Genetically Encoded Supramolecular Targeting of Fluorescent Membrane Tension Probes within Live Cells: Precisely Localized Controlled Release by External Chemical Stimulation
López-Andarias, J.; Straková, K.; Martinent, R.; Jiménez-Rojo, N.; Riezman, H.; Sakai, N.; Matile, S.
JACS Au 2021, 1, 221-232
To image membrane tension in selected membranes of interest (MOI) inside living systems, the field of mechanobiology requires increasingly elaborated small-molecule chemical tools. We have recently introduced HaloFlipper, i.e., a mechanosensitive flipper probe that can localize in the MOI using HaloTag technology to report local membrane tension changes using fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy. However, the linker tethering the probe to HaloTag hampers the lateral diffusion of the probe in all the lipid domains of the MOI. For a more global membrane tension measurement in any MOI, we present here a supramolecular chemistry strategy for selective localization and controlled release of flipper into the MOI, using a genetically encoded supramolecular tag. SupraFlippers, functionalized with a desthiobiotin ligand, can selectively accumulate in the organelle having expressed streptavidin. The addition of biotin as a biocompatible external stimulus with a higher affinity for Sav triggers the release of the probe, which spontaneously partitions into the MOI. Freed in the lumen of endoplasmic reticulum (ER), SupraFlippers report the membrane orders along the secretory pathway from the ER over the Golgi apparatus to the plasma membrane. Kinetics of the process are governed by both the probe release and the transport through lipid domains. The concentration of biotin can control the former, while the expression level of a transmembrane protein (Sec12) involved in the stimulation of the vesicular transport from ER to Golgi influences the latter. Finally, the generation of a cell-penetrating and fully functional Sav-flipper complex using cyclic oligochalcogenide (COC) transporters allows us to combine the SupraFlipper strategy and HaloTag technology.
open archive unige:149960