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symplectic

GeNeSys: Geneva-Neuchâtel Symplectic geometry seminar

2021, May 27, Thursday, 13h00

Université de Neuchâtel, Rue Emile Argand 11

The Geometry and Algebra of Lagrangian Cobordism

Paul Biran (ETH Zürich)

In this talk we will survey the theory of Lagrangian cobordism and discuss the type of structures arising from it: a geometric viewpoint on derived Fukaya categories, new invariants, as well as metric structures on the space of Lagrangians. Based on joint works with O. Cornea and J. Zhang.


2021, April 14, Wednesday

  12h30 — Welcome and lunch (room 06-13)

  14h30 — Alexandre Jannaud (Neuchâtel)
  Dehn-Seidel twist, $C^0$ symplectic geometry and barcodes (room 01-05)

  15h30 — coffee/tea break (room 06-13)

  16h — Discussions (room 01-05)

Dehn-Seidel twist, $C^0$ symplectic geometry and barcodes

In this talk I will present my work initiating the study of the $C^0$ symplectic mapping class group, i.e. the group of isotopy classes of symplectic homeomorphisms, and present the proofs of the first results regarding the topology of the group of symplectic homeomorphisms. For that purpose, we will introduce a method coming from Floer theory and barcodes theory.

Applying this strategy to the Dehn-Seidel twist, a symplectomorphism of particular interest when studying the symplectic mapping class group, we will generalize to $C^0$ settings a result of Seidel concerning the non-triviality of the mapping class of this symplectomorphism. We will indeed prove that the generalized Dehn twist is infinite order in the group of the connected component of symplectic homeomorphisms. Doing so, we prove the non-triviality of the $C^0$ symplectic mapping class group of some Liouville domains.


2021, March 11, Thursday, Virtual Session

Will Merry (ETH Zürich) 16:00-17:00

Meeting ID: 934 017 7640 
Passcode: (the number of lines on a cubic surface)

Sym­plectic co­homo­logy of magne­tic co­tan­gent bundles

Joint work with Y. Gro­man (and, time-permitting, Seongchan Kim). We con­struct a fam­ily ver­sion of sym­plectic Floer co­homo­logy for mag­netic co­tan­gent bundles.


2021, February 25, Thursday, Virtual Session

Sergey Galkin (PUC-Rio & HSE Moscow) 16:00-17:00

Meeting ID: 934 017 7640 
Passcode: (the number of lines on a cubic surface)

Topological field theories via mirror symmetry for moduli spaces

Categorifying the Atiyah-Floer conjecture, Donaldson invented an extended topological field theory that assigns a category to a surface, an object to a handlebody, a chain complex to a Heegard decomposition, etc. The categories of Donaldson-Floer theory come from the symplectic geometry of the moduli spaces of flat $SU(2)$ connections on a surface, and the objects are associated to Lagrangian subvarieties. Fukaya developed further the foundations of such categories associated to arbitrary symplectic varieties. Mirror symmetry functors map Fukaya categories to the categories of matrix factorizations of the functions known as Ginzburg-Landau potentials, which are functorially obtained as Floer potentials, the generating functions for Maslov index 2 pseudo-holomorphic discs with boundary on a Lagrangian. Nishinou-Nohara-Ueda proposed a way to construct a monotone Lagrangian torus and simultaneously to compute its Floer potential starting from a small toric degeneration. A class of degenerations for the moduli spaces was constructed by Manon based on Tsuchiya-Ueno-Yamada construction of the sheaves of conformal blocks for Wess-Zumino-Witten $SU(2)$ conformal field theory and Faltings equivalence between conformal blocks over the interior of the moduli space of curves and non-abelian theta-functions. The toric degenerations correspond to the corners of Deligne-Mumford compactification, i.e. decomposition of a surface into trinions,and are enumerated by trivalent graphs. The resulting Ginzburg-Landau potentials can be described entirely in terms of the graph, as the sums over the vertices of generating functions for quantum Clebsch-Gordan inequalities, the class of functions that we call graph potentials. In the end of the day, the graph potentials give a new foundationfor the construction of Donaldson-Floer theories, which will be free of analysis. In the first part of the talk I will review and compare different constructions of integrable systems on the moduli space of flat $SU(2)$ connections and its relatives, such as moduli of Euclidean polytopes or moduli of Higgs bundles. Then I will focus on the relation between Manon-Nishinou-Nohara-Ueda integrable systems and graph potentials and will show how starting from graph potentials one constructs a 2-dimensional topological field theory.The talk is based on a joint work 2009.05568 with Pieter Belmans and Swarnava Mukhopadhyay.


2020, December 10, Thursday, Virtual Session

Selman Akbulut (Gökova Geometry Topology Institute) 14:00-15:00
Richard Hind (University of Notre Dame) 15:30-16:30

Meeting ID: 934 017 7640 
Passcode: (the number of lines on a cubic surface)

Selman Akbulut: On the 4-dimensional Smale Conjecture

Localizing exoticity of smooth structures of 4-manifolds gives rise to corks, and localizing corks gives new information about diffeomorphisms of $S^4.$ This talk is about my recent attempt to construct a counterexample to the 4-dimensional Smale Conjecture, which says that every self diffeomorphism of $S^4$ is isotopic to the identity.

Richard Hind: Optimal embeddings of Lagrangian tori

I will describe joint work with Emmanuel Opshtein and Jun Zhang determining which product Lagrangian tori in 4-dimensional Euclidean space can be mapped into a given polydisk or ellipsoid by a Hamiltonian diffeomorphism. To detect the borderline where full rigidity is lost we look at holomorphic curves of very high degree. A project with Ely Kerman also uses high degree curves to obstruct certain embeddings of pairs of Lagrangians.


2020, November 12, Virtual Session

Felix Schlenk (Neuchâtel) 14h30-15h30
Joé Brendel (Neuchâtel) 16h-17h

https://unige.zoom.us/j/5928729514
Meeting ID: 592 872 9514
Passcode: (the number of lines on a cubic surface)

Felix Schlenk (Neuchâtel) Quadrilaterals and non-isotopic cubes

Abstract: From the square representing the usual toric fibration of the monotone $S^2 \times S^2$ one can get an infinite tree of quadrilaterals representing almost toric fibrations by mutation. The centers of these quadrilaterals correspond to exotic Lagrangian tori, and for those quadrilaterals that are “fat enough” one obtains non-isotopic symplectic embeddings of 4-cubes into $S^2 \times S^2$. After explaining this, I will show how to find fat quadrilaterals.

This is based on joint work with Grisha and Joé, and of Thomas Buc-d'Alché.

Joé Brendel (Neuchâtel) The Chekanov torus in toric manifolds

Abstract: The first example of an exotic Lagrangian torus in $\mathbb{C}^n$ goes back to Chekanov. In order to distinguish it from the Clifford torus, Chekanov used the displacement energy of nearby Lagrangian tori. We will start by reviewing this classical construction and see that it can be carried out in any monotone toric manifold and that (under some mild assumptions) displacement energy proves that the resulting torus is exotic. At the end we will draw many pictures and notice that, in dimension four, displacement energy recovers the base of the almost toric fibration of the first mutation. However, our recipe works in arbitrary dimensions and so we can also construct higher-dimensional polytopes and wonder whether they are the base of some singular fibration.


2020, October 14, Neuchâtel

Weronika Czerniawska (Université de Genève) Some old useful results on quadratic forms

Abstract: Since Gauss's 1801 work the study of quadratic forms has stimulated many developments in Number theory. In my talk I will present Markoff's paper on the topic that may be a beginning of an unexploited path between Symplectic geometry and Number Theory.

Gleb Smirnov (ETH Zürich) Seidel’s theorem via gauge theory

Abstract: A theorem of Seidel states that the square of generalized Dehn twist is not symplectically isotopic to the identity for many closed algebraic surfaces. In this talk, we will discuss a new proof of this theorem which does not rely on any Floer-theoretic considerations but instead uses invariants derived from the Seiberg-Witten equation.


2020, May 6, Virtual Session

Join Zoom Meeting https://unige.zoom.us/j/5928729514

Meeting ID: 592 872 9514

Password: (the number of lines on a cubic surface)

Schedule

We start the Zoom session 15 minutes before the scheduled beginning of each talk.

17h, Central European time zone (CEST)

Joontae Kim (KIAS Seoul)“Real Lagrangian submanifolds in S^2 x S^2”

Abstract: A Lagrangian submanifold in a symplectic manifold is called real if it is the fixed point set of an antisymplectic involution. In this talk, we explore the topology of real Lagrangians in S^2 x S^2, which shows interesting real symplectic phenomena. In particular, we prove that any real Lagrangian in S^2 x S^2 is Hamiltonian isotopic to either the antidiagonal sphere or the Clifford torus.

20h, Central European time zone (CEST)

Seongchan Kim (Neuchâtel) “Symmetric periodic orbits in Hamiltonian systems”

Abstract: A symmetric periodic orbit of a Hamiltonian system is a special kind of periodic orbit, which can be regarded as a Lagrangian intersection point. It plays an important role in the planar circular restricted three-body problem. In this talk I will give a gentle introduction to symmetric periodic orbits in Hamiltonian systems and present some results on existence and on the systole. This is partly joint work with Myeonggi Kwon and Joontae Kim.


2020, April 22, Virtual session

Join Zoom Meeting https://unige.zoom.us/j/5928729514

Meeting ID: 592 872 9514

Password: (the number of lines on a cubic surface)

Schedule

We start the Zoom session 15 minutes before the scheduled beginning of each talk.

17h, Central European time zone (CEST)

Georgios Dimitroglou Rizell (Uppsala) “Lagrangian tori from a quantitative viewpoint”

Abstract: Certain quantitative conditions on a Lagrangian torus in the ball or the projective plane ensure that it is Hamiltonian isotopic to the standard Clifford torus. (Roughly speaking, we need the existence of a big symplectic ball in its complement.) We explain the mechanisms behind this and give examples and applications.

20h, Central European time zone (CEST) = 11h Stanford (PDT)

Yakov Eliashberg (Stanford) “Symplectic cobordisms revisited”

Abstract: I will explain in the talk a simplified proof of our joined theorem with Emmy Murphy about construction of symplectic cobordisms between contact manifolds.


 2020, March 4, Battelle Villa (Geneva)
 

Schedule

12h15-12h45 Meeting and initial discussion

12h45 we leave for lunch from the villa

14:30-15:30

Felix Schlenk (University of Neuchâtel) “Neck-stretching, and unknottedness of Lagrangian spheres in S^2 x S^2 ” (Part II)

The “stretching the neck” technique is a powerful method in symplectic topology and Hamiltonian dynamics, with applications to embedding problems, to Reeb dynamics, and to the study of Lagrangian submanifolds. I'll try to explain this technique by using it to prove that every Lagrangian sphere in S^2 x S^2 is Hamiltonian isotopic to the anti-diagonal, following Richard Hind's GAFA paper from 2004.

15:30-16h Discussion

16:00-17:00

Tobias Ekholm (Uppsala University) “Skeins on branes”

We give an enumerative interpretation of coefficients of the HOMFLY polynomial of a knot in the 3-sphere as a count of holomorphic curves with boundary on a version of the Lagrangian conormal of the knot in the resolved conifold. A key ingredient in the proof is the definition of counts of holomorphic curves with boundary in the skein module of the Lagrnagian brane where they have their boundary. The talk reports on joint work with Vivek Shende

17h- Discussion with open end.


 2020, February 19, Battelle Villa (Geneva)
 

Schedule

12h15-12h45 Meeting and initial discussion

12h45 we leave for lunch from the villa

14:30-15:30

Felix Schlenk (University of Neuchâtel) “Neck-stretching, and unknottedness of Lagrangian spheres in S^2 x S^2”

The “stretching the neck” technique is a powerful method in symplectic topology and Hamiltonian dynamics, with applications to embedding problems, to Reeb dynamics, and to the study of Lagrangian submanifolds. I'll try to explain this technique by using it to prove that every Lagrangian sphere in S^2 x S^2 is Hamiltonian isotopic to the anti-diagonal, following Richard Hind's GAFA paper from 2004.

15:30-16h Discussion

16:00-17:00

Ilia Itenberg (Sorbonne University) “Real aspects of enumerative geometry”

We will discuss several recent developments in real enumerative geometry, in particular, those concerning Welschinger invariants and refined enumeration of curves on surfaces.

17h- Discussion with open end.


symplectic.txt · Dernière modification: 2021/05/25 13:32 de kalinin0