Text and Representation
Measuring style: the literariness of stylometric features
Author: Simon Gabay, Université de Genève
Stylometry has been used by scholars for a few decades to identify computationally the author of a given text. The nature of the features used remains however uncertain: is it really a style that we observe, or just an idiolect? We will use traditional stylistics to evaluate the interpretative yield of stylometric features.
Simon Gabay is a philologist specialised in 17th c. French texts and he is Maître assistant en humanités numériques at the University of Geneva.
Style - appropriation - parody. Habitus or visual rhetoric? Some thoughts on Manet, and on hermeneutics in art history
Author: Michael F. Zimmermann, Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt
The vagueness of the difficult notion of style is proverbial. AS A METHOD ESCAPING RATIONAL DEFINITION, EXCLUSIVELY APPEALING TO THE AUTHORITY OF CONNOISSEURSHIP, THE ANALYSIS OF STYLE NOWADAYS IS SUSPICIOUS. Yet its role in the hermeneutics of art history REMAINS central. Should we be satisfied with circular definitions, OR WITH ATTRIBUTIONS that characterise a style OF AN ARTOWORK NEWLY CONSIDERED simply on the basis of PREVIOUS DESCRIPTIONS? Do the limits of such a strategy discredit the analysis of style ALTOGEHTER (according to the "intentional fallacy" argument)? We will seek to answer this question, using the example of Édouard Manet, by reflecting on the relationship between the PROCEDURES that an artist typically adopts, FOR EXAMPLE BECAUSE HE HAS LEARNED THEM FROM HIS TEACHERS, and the visual rhetoric HE STRATEGICALLY ADOPTS WITH RESPECT TO A CHOSEN SUBJECT. Why did Manet have to "become" Velasquez before he could become Manet -- just as Proust had to parody Flaubert before he could transform Jean Santeuil into "Marcel"?
Michael F. Zimmermann is the chair of art history at the Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt. Its publications focus on 19th century art, as well as its relationship with history of science.