- Lista, M.; Orentas, E.; Areephong, J.; Charbonnaz, P.; Wilson, A.; Zhao, Y.; Bolag, A.; Sforazzini, G.; Turdean, R.; Hayashi, H.; Domoto, Y.; Sobczuk, A.; Sakai, N.; Matile, S. “Self-Organizing Surface-Initiated Polymerization, Templated Self-Sorting and Templated Stack Exchange: Synthetic Methods to Build Complex Systems” Org. Biomol. Chem. 2013, 11, 1754-1765
In nature, spectacular function is achieved by highly sophisticated supramolecular architectures. Little is known what we would obtain if we could create complexity with similar precision, because the synthetic methods to do so are not available. This account summarizes recent approaches conceived to improve on this situation. With self-organizing surface-initiated polymerization (SOSIP), charge-transporting stacks can be grown directly on solid substrates with molecular-level precision. The extension to templated self-sorting (SOSIP-TSS) offers a supramolecular approach to multicomponent architectures. A solid theoretical framework for the transcription of information by templated self-sorting has been introduced, intrinsic templation efficiencies up to 97% have been achieved, and the existence of self-repair has been shown. The extension to templated stack exchange (SOSIP-TSE) offers the complementary covalent approach. Compatibility of this robust method with the creation of double-channel architectures with antiparallel two-component gradients has been demonstrated.