Major trends in the research on energy
In the past two decades, energy research has gained growing importance as a key pillar of sustainable development. At the University of Geneva, energy research deals with whole systems rather than individual devices and it includes subsystems (e.g., single family houses), full process chains, and large geographical systems (e.g., a city or a country). Energy research at the University of Geneva is interdisciplinary in nature. It is rooted in state-of-the-art understanding of technology and engineering as well as knowledge from environmental and earth sciences, economics, policy, and other social sciences.
Energy efficiency and renewable energy
Essentially all human activities are driven by energy, of which the vast majority nowadays originates from non-renewable sources. Global energy use has increased rapidly and continually for the past 150 years as a consequence of industrialization, the rising world population and growing wealth. For the same reasons, global energy use is projected to continue to increase in the coming decades, even in the most ambitious policy scenarios.
Energy research at the University of Geneva therefore focuses on energy efficiency and renewable energy, as well as their optimized roles in the energy systems of the future. Examples of key research questions tackled are:
- What is an adequate mix of energy efficiency measures and different types of renewable energy sources?
- How to balance centralized and decentralized energy technologies?
- How to integrate demand side management and energy storage at different scales, possibly making use of new technical synergies and organizational solutions?
- What is an adequate mix of coercive regulatory measures versus market-based and voluntary approaches and the respective design of each of them?
- And, in more general terms, how to maximize the driving forces favoring the pursued energy transition and how to minimize the respective barriers?
The research methods applied include:
- Techno-economic modelling (simulation and optimization)
- Economic assessment (micro & macro)
- Risk analysis
- LCA (Life Cycle Assessment)
- Spatial analysis
- Evaluation of existing energy systems
- Policy analysis and policy design
The energy team
Energy research at the University of Geneva is covered by the following groups/clusters:
Across these groups, more than 30 researchers are working at the University of Geneva in the energy domain. They are affiliated to the Faculty of Science, Geneva School of Economics and Management and the Institute of Environmental Sciences. The energy team also keeps close ties to other university colleagues that bring additional perspectives on energy:
- Reservoir Geology and Sedimentary Basin Analysis: Prof. Andrea Moscariello
- Crustal Deformation and Fluid Flow: Prof. Matteo Lupi
- enviroSPACE Lab: Prof. Anthony Lehmann
- Environmental Economics: Prof. Salvatore Di Falco
- Institute for Economics and Econometrics, Prof. Jérémy Luccheti
- Consumer Decision and Sustainable Behavior Lab: Prof. Tobias Brosch
- Sociology: Prof. Marlyne Sahakian
Energy team of the University of Geneva is also part of the national energy research networks, such as:
- Swiss Competence Center for Research in Energy, Society and Transition (CREST), Prof. Martin Patel
- Swiss Competence Center for Future Energy Efficient Buildings & Districts (FEEB&D), Prof. Martin Patel
- Swiss Competence Center for Efficiency of Industrial Processes (EIP), Prof. Martin Patel
- Swiss Competence Center for Heat and Electricity Storage (HAE), Prof. Martin Patel
- Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research – Supply of Electricity (SoE), Prof. Evelina Trutnevyte
The projects conducted by the energy team are funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation, the Swiss Federal Office of Energy, cantonal authorities (e.g. cantonal energy office), the Swiss Competence Centers for Energy Research (SCCER), the European Commission, energy utilities, other companies and organizations.