Professor Makane Moïse Mbengue
Makane Moïse Mbengue is Associate Professor of International Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Geneva. Prof. Mbengue is also a Visiting Professor at Sciences Po Paris (School of Law). He holds a Ph.D. in Public International Law from the University. He acts as a professor for courses in international law organized by the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) and by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR). Prof. Mbengue acts as counsel in disputes before international courts and tribunals.
The protection of the global environment has become one of the major challenges of the international system. This course will explore the main concepts and principles of international environmental law. It will look at how international environmental law has emerged and developed, in particular by emphasizing the role and contribution of international courts and tribunals. The course will also deal specifically with the legal regimes that have been shaped in order to preserve the global environment in different fields (climate change, biodiversity, desertification, water, ozone, chemical products, air pollution, genetically modified organisms, nanotechnologies, etc.). With the emergence of the concept of sustainable development, international environmental law is now at the crossroads of different regimes. In this context, the course will analyze the relationship between international environmental law and international trade (and/or investment) law as well as the relationship between international environmental law and human rights. This course is offered at the Global Studies Institute (GSI).
In today’s international relations, dispute settlement mechanisms play a crucial role in the formulation and development of international law. International courts and tribunals deal with issues that are at the heart of state sovereignty as well as at the heart of people’s livelihood such as human rights, trade relations, sustainable development, public health, investment activities, etc. The course purports at discussing and analyzing how fundamental and current issues of international law are being addressed by and within international courts and tribunals. A broad array of public international law will be covered: subjects of international law, sources of international law, state responsibility, international trade law, international investment law, international environmental law, human rights, territorial delimitation, etc.
The course will emphasize the contribution of different international courts and tribunals to the development of international law, i.e. the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the World Trade Organization (WTO) Dispute Settlement Body, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), human rights courts, etc. The course offers both a theoretical and a practical perspective. The objective is to give to the participants a comprehensive overview of the challenges that lawyers face nowadays when dealing with international relations. The course also aims at providing the participants with technical tools that are essential to everyone who has an interest in international litigation and who would like to practice before international courts and tribunals.