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Publication 159  

  1. Enhanced SNP-sensing using DNA-templated reactions through confined hybridization of minimal substrates (CHOMS)
    K. T. Kim, N. Winssinger
    Chem. Sci. 2020, 11, 4150-4157

DNA or RNA templated reactions are attractive for nucleic acid sensing and imaging. As for any hybridization-based sensing, there is a tradeoff between sensitivity (detection threshold) and resolution (single nucleotide discrimination). Longer probes afford better sensitivity but compromise single nucleotide resolution due to the small thermodynamic penalty of a single mismatch. Herein we report a design that overcomes this tradeoff. The reaction is leveraged on the hybridization of a minimal substrate (covering 4 nucleotides) which is confined by two guide DNAs functionalized respectively with a ruthenium photocatalyst. The use of a catalytic reaction is essential to bypass the exchange of guide DNAs while achieving signal amplification through substrate turnover. The guide DNAs restrain the reaction to a unique site and enhance the hybridization of short substrates by providing two π-stacking interactions. The reaction was shown to enable the detection of SNPs and SNVs down to 50 pM with a discrimination factor ranging from 24 to 309 (median 82, 27 examples from 3 oncogenes). The clinical diagnostic potential of the technology was demonstrated with the analysis of RAS amplicons obtained directly from cell culture.

DOI: 10.1039/D0SC00741B 

open archive unige:135618