FAIR principles

The FAIR principles, launched in 2014, aim to improve discovery, access, integration and usability of data, both by machines and by human beings.

FAIR stands for:

  • Findable
  • Accessible
  • Interoperable
  • Reusable

These 4 categories encompass a set of 14 principles.  

To sum it up:

Findable.png Accessible.png Interoperable.png Reusable.png
  • persistent identifier
  • enriched metadata
  • searchable and findable online
  • retrievable using standard communication protocols 
  • possibilily to define access rights
  • standard formats
  • controlled vocabulary to describe data
  • well-described & documented (eg. in a README file)
  • clear conditions to cite and reuse data (e.g. CC licenses)


in a repository that ensures long-term preservation

 to be compatible and combinable with others

to be correctly interpreted and reused

Image by Patrick Hochstenbach CC0: https://book.fosteropenscience.eu/